Diabetes: Initial symptoms | Pakhamhos

Diabetes: Initial symptoms


Diabetes is a chronic disease which is characterized by high blood glucose levels, which serve to make the diagnosis and start treatment.

The American Diabetes Association gives some parameters with which we can diagnose diabetes:

Symptoms of diabetes present and an occasional plasma glucose = ò> of 200mg / dl
Plasma glucose equal to or greater than 200mg / dl during a glucose tolerance test.
If any of these criteria are met, the evaluation must be repeated another day to confirm the diagnosis. However, it is essential to be clear about these symptoms of diabetes and, most importantly, we must learn to identify them in order to seek timely medical attention and prevent the development of the disease or its complications. This is why, here we leave you a list of some symptoms that may be a warning signal, but that at no time are diagnoses of diabetes mellitus.

Warning signs that our body is not working 100%

Being able to identify some warning signs is the biggest weapon against the development of diabetes mellitus. Sometimes the symptoms may seem obvious and sometimes not. Many of its symptoms are known, however, many times they are not diagnosed because they seem harmless, but it is already proven that the early detection and treatment of the symptoms of diabetes can reduce the possibility of having future complications related to this disease.
Even though Diabetes Mellitus has as a background a deficient use of glucose by the cells, there are symptoms that are common in all types of diabetes and others that characteristically appear in each of its forms, and here we present the most common.

Index

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
Symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1


Formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes saccharin, it is characterized by hyperglycemia caused by an absolute lack of insulin, a hormone that is produced by the pancreas.
It usually occurs in children and adolescents, and may debut with severe symptoms such as coma and ketoacidosis. These patients are not usually obese and have an increased risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications.

Some of its symptoms are:
  • Increased frequency to urinate, thirst, hunger and unexplained weight loss.
  • Numbness of the extremities, pain (dysesthesia) of the feet, fatigue and blurred vision.
  • Recurrent or serious infections.
  • Loss of consciousness or severe nausea and vomiting (causing ketoacidosis) or coma. 
  • Ketoacidosis is more common in type 1 diabetes than in type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by hyperglycemia caused by a defect in insulin secretion, commonly accompanied by resistance to this hormone. Initially, patients do not need insulin for life and can control blood glucose with diet and exercise alone, or in combination with oral medications or supplemental insulin.

It usually appears in adulthood, although currently it has been increasing in children and adolescents, since it is related to obesity, physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. These patients present a risk of suffering micro and macrovascular complications.

Some of the symptoms they present are:
  • Sometimes these manifestations last several years before diagnosis.
  • They may have increased frequency of urination, thirst, hunger and weight loss (not very common).
  • They can suffer recurrent and serious infections.
  • Itching of the skin and / or genitals.
  • Infections of the skin, gums or frequent urinary infections.
  • Dark spots on the skin usually in the folds of the neck (Acanthosis nigricans).

Generally in gestational diabetes there are no symptoms, so it is important to perform the tests indicated to assess the evolution of pregnancy. The most important thing is to keep in mind the triad that suggests an alteration in the metabolism of carbohydrates, and that is: polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia, which mean, increased times to urinate, thirst, hunger.
Once you have this information, remember, this is not diagnostic of Diabetes, they are just signs that our body makes us recommend us to go with our doctor.

Did you know...

It is believed that in the papyrus of Ebers dated 1550 a.C. What is believed is the first reference to diabetes mellitus, as well as the remedies to combat excess urine and details about diets to treat this disease.
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