What is depression? | Pakhamhos

What is depression?

Depression is considered one of the biggest problems in today's society. Many people suffer from it although half of them do not know it. It is common to confuse this disease with other ailments and to make a false self-diagnosis; It is best to go to a specialist doctor to know for sure.

Special care must be taken to detect depression in children, adolescents and young people on time, because if they do not do so, they risk leaving irreversible psychic consequences for life.

There are different types of depression and each one of them will need an adequate treatment. Discover in this article all you need to know about depression, such as its types, symptoms or indicated treatments.

Definition of depression

Depression is a frequent but not less serious illness. It is characterized by long periods of melancholy and depression that lead to negative ideas about one's image, self-rejection, lack of desire to do everyday things, confinement in oneself, sadness and apathy. Frequent silences and tears can also indicate that a person suffers from this disorder.

Types depression

Severe depressive disorder

People who suffer from severe depressive disorder lose the ability to do anything from sleep to eating. They spend long periods confined in the room without performing any activity and looking at the void. This is one of the most dangerous types of depression.

Psychotic depression arises when the symptoms of severe depressive disorder worsen, and may cause visions and nightmares.

Dysthymic depressive disorder

It usually lasts about two years and is less severe than the previous one. However, people are also unable to perform their tasks normally.

Postpartum depressive disorder

This disorder arises when a woman has just given birth, always the first month after delivery, although it can be prolonged. It is related to the feelings of guilt and ineptitude that the woman tends to have due to her fear of not being able to be a good mother and raising the child properly.

Seasonal affective disorder

It makes its presence during the winter months when there are fewer hours of light and usually disappears as soon as hot days arrive.

Bipolar disorder

This is a serious psychic disorder that must be treated by a psychiatrist. Its peculiarity is that the patient suddenly and without apparent reason sudden changes in his mood, can be very happy and after a few minutes suffer a severe slump and start crying.

Causes of depression

Although it is still not very clear what exactly causes depression, most experts agree that brain neurotransmitters are responsible for it when an imbalance occurs. Also other factors such as genetics or the environment can influence its appearance. Traumatic situations or high stress, are also prone to trigger a depression.

Depression symptoms

Keep in mind that each person is a world and the symptoms will change from one to another, however the most frequent are these:

  • Regular states of sadness, melancholy, emptiness and anxiety
  • Pessimistic and desperate states
  • Feeling guilty, impotent, irritated or useless
  • Physical and mental exhaustion
  • Inappetence
  • Sleep disorder, long periods without falling asleep
  • Disquieting thoughts about suicide
  • Dolores, especially of head
  • Little ability to concentrate

The drugs to treat depression

Depression is treated with specific medications called antidepressants. They affect the neurotransmitters and allow them to be regulated so that they work normally. Keep in mind that they have many side effects such as: agitation, lack of sleep, loss of sexual desire and vomiting and nausea. Always take them under the supervision of a doctor.

Some of the most used medications to treat depression are: Zoloft, Paxil, Celexa and Lexapro.

There are also other drugs that cause a "placebo effect" in the body such as San Juan's herb. These are natural remedies that have been used for years when there were no specific medications.

How to take antidepressant medications

The doctor should recommend the frequency of taking antidepressants. The results will not appear until a few weeks later and in some very severe cases months will be needed.

The population groups most prone to depression

According to recent studies, adolescents and the elderly are more likely than other population groups to suffer from depression. It is recommended to follow the evolution of the children with attention and cover the specific needs of the elderly to reduce the risk.

Did you know...

About 11% of people suffering from depression end up committing suicide :(.
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